ND-Filter

4x5 for 365 project (359/365)

A long exposure shot of the small creek that flows through the Hopewell Furnace National Historic Site in Elverson, Berks County Pennsylvania.  Six days left in this year long project !

Technical details:
Sakai Toyo 5x7" large format metal field camera with 4x5" film back.
150mm Caltar-S II F 5.6 lens in Copal BT shutter.
Tiffen 0.8 ND filter on lens.
Ilford HP5+ B&W film, shot at ISO 400.
4 seconds at F22.
Developed in Ilford DD-X 1+4 dilution for 7 minutes and 20 seconds @ 20 degrees Celsius using a Beseler 8x10 print drum placed on Unicolor Uniroller 352 auto-reversing rotary base.
4x5" negative scanned with Epson V600.

4x5 for 365 project (290/365)

A view from a small hill overlooking the creek and mill race area at Waterloo Village.  The village is a restored 19th century canal town in Byram Township, Sussex County New Jersey.  Many of the buildings date to the 1830s.

Technical details:
Sakai Toyo 5x7" large format metal field camera with 4x5" film back.
150mm Caltar-S II F 5.6 lens in Copal BT shutter.
0.9 ND and Carl-Zeiss Softar-1 filters stacked on lens to get a longer exposure time and soften highlight areas for a more tranquil feel to the image.
Ilford FP4+ B&W film, shot at ISO 125.
Developed in Rodinal/Adox Adonal 1:50 dilution for 15 minutes @ 20 degrees Celsius in Mod54 daylight developing tank.   
4x5" negative scanned with Epson V600.

4x5 for 365 project (214/365)

Water rushing over the dam at Raymond B Winter State Park in Mifflinburg Pennsylvania.

Technical details:
Sakai Toyo 5x7 large format metal field camera with 4x5 film back.
Fujinon-W 210mm F5.6 lens in Copal B shutter.
0.9 (3 stop) ND filter on lens.
Ilford FP4+ B&W Negative Film, shot at ISO 125.
4 seconds at F32. Incident metered with Sekonic L-358 meter.
Developed in Kodak Xtol 1+2 dilution in Mod54 daylight development tank. 11 1/2 minutes @ 20 degrees Celsius.
Negative scanned with Epson V600.

4x5 for 365 project (210/365)

A look at the dam at Waterloo Village, a restored 19th century canal town in Byram Township, Sussex County New Jersey.  Many of the buildings at Waterloo Village date to the 1830s.

Technical details:
Sakai Toyo 5x7 large format metal field camera with 4x5 film back.
150mm Caltar-S II F 5.6 lens in Copal BT shutter.
0.9 ND filter on lens.
Arista EDU Ultra 200 (re-branded Fomapan) B&W Negative Film, shot at ISO 160.
4 seconds at F32. Incident metered with Sekonic L-358 meter.
Developed in Rodinal/Adox Adonal 1:50 dilution for 9 1/2 minutes @ 20 degrees Celsius in Mod54 daylight developing tank.  
Negative scanned with Epson V600.

4x5 for 365 project (195/365)

A small section of a tiny man-made waterfall found in the Allentown Rose Garden in Allentown, Pennsylvania.  

Technical details:
Sakai Toyo 5x7 large format metal field camera with 4x5 film back.
Fujinon-W 210mm F5.6 lens in Copal B shutter.
Tiffen 0.6/ND4 2 stop neutral density filter.
Ilford FP4+ B&W Negative Film, shot at ISO 125.
2 seconds at F22.
Developed in Kodak Xtol 1+2 dilution in Mod54 daylight development tank. 11 1/2 minutes @ 20 degrees Celsius.
Negative scanned with Epson V600. Cropped to desired size in post.

4x5 for 365 project (164/365)

This is section of Flat Brook in Sussex County, New Jersey.  The stone arch is a bridge for the passing road and on the other side of the bridge is Buttermilk Falls, said to be the tallest waterfall in New Jersey.

Technical details:
Busch Pressman Model D 4x5 LF press camera.
150mm Caltar-S II F 5.6 lens in Copal BT shutter.
Tiffen 0.6/ND4 2 stop neutral density filter and Carl-Zeiss Softar-1 filter.
Ilford FP4+ B&W Negative Film, shot at ISO 125.
Metered with Minolta one degree digital spot meter.
5 seconds at F22.
Semi-stand development in Rodinal 1:100 for 15 minutes in Mod54 daylight tank.
Negative scanned with Epson V600.
Cropped to desired size in post.

4x5 for 365 project (153/365)

This is the lower quarter section of Buttermilk Falls in Sussex County, New Jersey.  The waterfall is found in a remote region of the New Jersey side of the Delaware Water Gap.  To get to the falls you need to go down a series of dirt and gravel roads that weave their way through forest and a patchwork of farms that were all abandoned when the canceled Tocks Island dam project claimed the land in the late 1960s through early 1970s.  At an estimated 200 feet high, the falls are said to be the tallest ones in New Jersey.  A parking lot is found directly across the road from the falls and no hiking is required to get to them though a steep set of steps can be found that lead up to an observation platform that overlook the falls from above.

This image marks a number of firsts for me including the first time shooting Ilford FP4+ and the first time shooting a full size waterfall with a large format film camera.  

Technical details:
Busch Pressman Model D 4x5 LF press camera.
150mm Caltar-S II F 5.6 lens in Copal BT shutter.
Tiffen 0.6/ND4 2 stop neutral density filter.
Ilford FP4+ B&W Negative Film, shot at ISO 125.
Metered with Minolta one degree digital spot meter.
Metered exposure was 4 seconds @ F22 with zone III placed on shadowed mossy area.  Compensation for the ND filter boosted the calculated exposure to 16 seconds at F22 and film reciprocity compensation for the Ilford FP4+ gave a final calculated exposure of 2 minutes and 9 seconds @ F22.
Semi-stand development in Rodinal 1:100 for 15 minutes in Mod54 daylight tank.
Negative scanned with Epson V600.

4x5 for 365 project (125/365)

My first attempt at a long(ish) exposure of moving water using the large format 4x5 camera.  I could have picked a better time to shoot this where the afternoon sun wasn't shining down directly on the water but it was a first attempt and you have to start somewhere.  The goal of this daily project is to learn as much as possible with every image during each phase of the exposure, developing and darkroom printing cycle.  

A babbling brook at Hopewell Village National Historic Site in Elverson, Pennsylvania.

Camera: Busch Pressman Model D 4x5 large format press camera.

Lens:  150mm Caltar-S II (Calumet re-branded Schneider Symar-S) F 5.6 lens in a Copal BT shutter with Tiffen 0.6 ND Filter.

Film: Arista EDU 200 Ultra B&W Negative Film, shot at ISO 100.

Exposure: 8 seconds @ F45.

Development: Self Developed in Kodak Xtol 1+2 dilution in Paterson Universal Tank using the Taco Method. 9 minutes @ 20 degrees Celsius. Kodak indicator stop bath.  Ilford Rapid Fixer. Photo-Flo rinse.

Scanning: Negative scanned with Epson V600 in two scans and merged back together in PhotoShop since the V600 doesn't natively support 4x5 scans in one pass.